Education

The 5 C's

Diamonds are renowned for their ability to transmit light and sparkle so intensely. We often think of a diamond's cut as shape (round, emerald, pear), but a diamond's cut grade is really about how well a diamond's facets interact with light.

 

Precise artistry and workmanship are required to fashion a stone so its proportions, symmetry, and polish deliver the magnificent return of light only possible in a diamond.

 

Let Sturhahn's show you the 5 C's of choosing your diamond.

 

The 4 C's classify the value of diamonds. Every diamonds price, rarity & beauty are determined by the combination of Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat Weight.

 

 

And Sturhahn's add the 5th C: Care.

CUT

A diamond cut to proper proportion allows the greatest amount of light to be reflected, for maximum brilliance.

 

Diamonds are renowned for their ability to transmit light and sparkle so intensely. We often think of a diamond's cut as shape (round, emerald, pear), but a diamond's cut grade is really about how well a diamond's facets interact with light.

 

Precise artistry and workmanship are required to fashion a stone so its proportions, symmetry, and polish deliver the magnificent return of light only possible in a diamond.

COLOR

Diamonds are found with a range of colors, from light yellow or brown through to the rarest, which have no color at all.

 

The diamond color evaluation of most gem-quality diamonds is based on the absence of color. A chemically pure and structurally perfect diamond has no hue, like a drop of pure water, and consequently, a higher value. GIA's D-to-Z diamond color-grading system measures the degree of colorlessness by comparing a stone under controlled lighting and precise viewing conditions to masterstones stones of established color value.

CLARITY

 

Diamond Clarity Refers to the Absence of Inclusions and Blemishes

 

The fewest imperfections in a diamond the better, a flawless diamond is extremely rare & valuable.

 

Natural diamonds are the result of carbon exposed to tremendous heat and pressure deep in the earth. This process can result in a variety of internal characteristics called 'inclusions' and external characteristics called 'blemishes.'

Evaluating diamond clarity involves determining the number, size, relief, nature, and position of these characteristics, as well as how these affect the overall appearance of the stone. While no diamond is perfectly pure, the closer it comes, the higher its value.

CARAT WEIGHT

A carat is a measure of weight, which also indicates size.

 

Diamond carat weight is the measurement of how much a diamond weighs. A metric "carat" is defined as 200 milligrams.

 

Each carat can be subdivided into 100 'points.' This allows very precise measurements to the hundredth decimal place. A jeweler may describe the weight of a diamond below one carat by its 'points' alone. For instance, the jeweler may refer to a diamond that weighs 0.25 carats as a 'twenty-five pointer.' Diamond weights greater than one carat are expressed in carats and decimals. A 1.08 carat stone would be described as 'one point oh eight carats.'

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(660) 886-2251

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Sturhahn Jewelers 16 N. Jefferson Marshall, MO 65340

 

On the East Side of the Marshall Square